Basis to understand Democracy
Ma Dalharuko Loktantrikaran: Chunauti ra Samadhan
(Democratization of Political Parties in Nepal:
Challenges and Solutions)
Published Year: 2014
Published by: Center
for Legal Consultancy and Research (CeLCAR)/ Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung
Edited by: Bhesh Raj Adhikari
Price: Not mentioned,
Nepali people have contributed
in many ways in the democratic struggle. No can hide the
fact that people have to bear enormous costs for this.
The assault on from the extreme right and extreme left
notwithstanding, people have overcome all the conspiracies,
malaises and barriers. Establishment of democracy in Nepal
is itself a political melodrama. It is however not flourishing
owing the internal weaknesses of political parties. To
analyze the reason for it a new book on the "Democratization
of Political Parties in Nepal: Challenges and Solutions
have appeared in the market. This book edited by Bhesh
Raj Adhikary probes deeper into nuances of the problems
of democratization of political parties in Nepal. Although
many of the ideas encapsulated in the papers included
here are the frequent expressions of Nepali intellectuals
and political leaders.
Democracy should have been established
for the addressing the legitimate concerns of ordinary
public instead of a source of income of few clever, crook
and smart leaders. As a result, despite the long journey
of democracy in Nepal people have not felt feeling of
democratic dividends. Even those engaged in democratic
struggle lack democratic process and political culture.
Analyzing the weaknesses of political parties, constitutional
Expert Kashi Raj Dahal's comment on political parties
is apt one: "Without the fairness of political parties'
activities social and economic transformation cannot be
easy. Good governance cannot be realized and the responsive
and robust state system cannot be strengthened by the
political activities enmeshed in don and wealth.
Raising electoral cost, deviation
of political parties from norms, ready to make any kind
of promise but remain apathetic to its fulfillment, talk
on the game of consensus put exclusive power play, power-centric
politics, anomalies seen in proportional election system,
and the state rooted into the labyrinth of corruption."
In the book CPN-UML leader K.
P. Sharma Oli has written on "Party-Building in Nepal:
Problem and Solution," female leader Bidya Devi Bhandari's
"Democracy and Leadership," leader Shankar Pokhrel's
Democratization of Political Life of Parties for Conflict
Resolution," leader Pradip Gyawali's "Resolution
of Inner Party Conflict and Democracy Consolidation,"
articles are mentioned in the book. NC leader N. P. Saud's
"Intra-party Conflict Resolution and Strengthening
Democracy," UCPN Maoist leader Giriraj Mani Pokhrel's
"Impact of Intra and Inter Party Conflict's Impact
on democracy," Senior Journalist Purushottam dahal,
Hikmat Karki, Dev Raj Dahal and Bhesh Raj Adhikary's articles
are also included in the book.
Conflict is intrinsic part of
democratic life without it social processes cannot move
forward. Senior Journalist Dahal has written, "In
democracy there are few basis of conflict eruption. First
basis is differences of ideologies. But, players must
have to follow the rules of the game rather than play
foul on the basis of ideology which is political dishonesty.
In developing countries extremists apply such dishonesty.
The book is well conceived. Still,
the short comments of participants placed in each chapter
reduces its weight. All the discussion should have been
kept separately at the end of the book to make it more
systematic. Another weakness is editing part. Perhaps
Adhikary knows about it well.
Weekly (Nepali), 25 June 2014